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R&D Division Petroleum & Marine Division Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
PETROLEUM & MARINE DIVISION
  • Oil & Gas Research Center
  • Marine Geology & Geophysical Exploration Research Center
  • Center for CO2 Geological Storage
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
The goal of the Petroleum and Marine Division is to develop exploration and production techniques and to provide necessary information on conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon resources (shale gas, coal bed methane, oil shale/sand, gas hydrate) and all aspects of marine geology. Our main research activities are focused on: hydrocarbon exploration, development, and production; geological and geophysical data acquisition, interpretation, and evaluation; marine geological surveys; and assessment of marine resources and CO2 geological storage.
  • Oil & Gas Research Center

    The Oil & Gas Research Center focuses on the interpretation of geophysical and geological data, assessment of petroleum resources in sedimentary basins and fields, and development of petroleum production techniques. These efforts have realized significant contribution to securing national petroleum resources. The Center has been conducting assessment of gas hydrate resources in the Korean offshore and developing safe and dependable technologies from gas hydrate reservoirs that secures gas hydrates as future energy resources. Recent R&D projects focus on the evaluation of unconventional resources, which include shale gas, coal bed methane, tight gas and oil sand, in cooperation with KNOC and KOGAS. The research interests further expand to such challenging issues as carbonate reservoir characterization, CO2 EOR, and BT/NT fusion technology for enhancing oil recovery.

    Main Activity

    • Petroleum geology, geochemistry, and petroleum system analysis
    • Carbonate reservoir modeling and evaluation
    • Gas hydrate resource assessment, reservoir characterization, and production technologies
    • Characterization of unconventional reservoirs
      (e.g., shale gas, coal bed methane, and tight gas and oil sand)
    • Technical support for hydrocarbon exploration and production activities
  • Marine Geology & Geophysical Exploration Research Center

    The Marine Geology and Geophysical Exploration Research Center is conducting multidisciplinary marine geoscience research and develops world-class technologies for exploration of natural resources using Korea's only geophysical research vessel Tamhae II. The Center also has other missions, including acquisition of marine geological information around the Korean seas, identification of potential areas of submarine mineral and energy resources, and studies on global environmental changes. The marine geological information acquired from coastal and marine geological surveys around the Korean seas is collected and used for publishing various marine geological and geophysical thematic maps. Marine geological information is also used for systematic marine spatial planning, prediction of coastal geo-hazards, and establishment of CO2 storage plans. The 3D seismic research vessel, Tamhae II, efficiently performs marine geophysical researches including high-resolution seismic reflection/refraction in 2D/3D, OBS/OBC (Ocean Bottom Seismometers/Ocean Bottom Cable) and gravity/magnetics surveys. Processing, analysis, and interpretation of these data helps explore domestic and overseas oil and gas resources, research CO2 storage, analyze coastal geo-hazards, and delimitate continental shelf boundaries. The Center is conducting civil-military integration researches, such as marine subsurface geo-acoustic studies, studies on physical properties and classification of seafloor sediments, and global marine geological and geophysical cooperative researches through participation in the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP). The Marine Core Center operates up-to-date equipment and facilities, including the largest sediment sample storage in Korea equipped with constant temperature and humidity control. The Center is carrying out wide-range researches based on the core with a special focus on detailed analysis of core samples of marine sediments and maintaining their database.

    Main Activity

    • Publication of marine geological thematic maps and coastal geo-hazard factor distribution maps of the Korean waters
    • Operation of the Marine Core Center and development of technologies for high-resolution analysis of marine geological sediment samples
    • Development of 2D/3D oil and gas exploration technologies and their applications to domestic and overseas exploration researches
    • Production of scientific marine data for delimitation of the continental shelf boundaries
  • Center for CO2 Geological Storage

    Center for CO2 Geological Storage conducts fundamental research on geological storage of CO2 and develops key technologies for ensuring safe, cost-effective large-scale applications. Fundamental researches focus on geological characterization and storage capacity assessment at a site-scale and enabling large-scale CO2 storage in offshore areas of Korea. Several researches, based on lab and field experiments, have been carried out to find methods that help overcome technical barriers in implementation of large-scale offshore CO2 storage projects. Main R&D activities are 1) development of the on-site CO2 monitoring technology with laboratory experiments, as well as small-scale test bed, 2) estimation of CO2 storage capacity for sub-basalt formation in the South Sea of Korea, 3) CO2-water-rock interaction experiments and two-phase (CO2 / brine) flow visualization under various reservoir conditions, and 4) development of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) technology using fiber-optic cable for monitoring CO2 behavior in the subsurface environment.

    Main Activity

    • Development of site selection and characterization method
    • Storage capacity assessment of possible large-scale CO2 storage sites in the Korean offshore
    • Development of CO2 core-flooding system
    • Development of VSP/ERT/micro-seismic monitoring technologies
    • Development of fiber-optic 3-component seismic data acquisition system
    • Monitoring and evaluation of underground CO2 behavior
    • Pilot test of CO2 injection and monitoring technology